Bible verses about mixing politics and religions during the time of Jesus and the apostles
Jesus never incited people against the Roman government.
Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.
But they kept insisting, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee where He started even to here.” [Read Commentary].
Jesus refused to get entangled in political debate.
But perceiving their malice, Jesus said, “Why are you testing Me, hypocrites? Show Me the coin used for the tax.“
So they brought Him a denarius. “Whose image and inscription is this?” He asked them. “Caesar’s,” they said to Him.
Then He said to them, “Therefore give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s.” When they heard this, they were amazed. So they left Him and went away. [Commentary on Matthew 22]
Jesus dedicated his time and resources to ministry and prayer.
When He saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain, and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.
Jesus was going through all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.
Jesus is taking over the government in His time.
For a child will be born for us, a son will be given to us, and the government will be on His shoulders. He will be named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, and Prince of Peace.
In the days of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will its sovereignty be left to another people, but it will break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it will stand forever.
1 Corinthians 15:24-25
Then the end comes, when he will deliver the Kingdom to God, even the Father, when he will have abolished all rule and all authority and power, for he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.
Jesus surrendered his rights.
Then some began to spit on Him, to blindfold Him, and to beat Him, saying, “Prophecy!” The temple police also took Him and slapped Him.
God is in complete control of both good and evil governments
And he changes the times and the seasons. He removes kings and sets up kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding.
Look! I am raising up the Chaldeans, that bitter, impetuous nation that marches across the earth’s open spaces to seize territories not its own.
See, I have appointed you (prophet Jeremiah) this day over the nations and the kingdoms, To pluck up and to break down, To destroy and to overthrow, To build and to plan.
Evil shall kill the wicked, and they who hate the righteous shall be desolate.
“You would have no authority over Me at all,” Jesus answered him, “if it hadn’t been given you from above. This is why the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.
The apostles didn’t bother to change the government
1 Peter 2:13-16
Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme or to governors sent by him to punish those who do evil and praise those who do good. For this is the will of God, that by doing good, you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish people. Live as free people, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God. Honor everyone.
1 Peter 2:17
Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the Emperor.
Separation of church and State in the Bible.
1 Samuel 10;21
*King Saul served as a civil official, while Ahimelech ministered as the chief ecclesiastical leader in the nation.
1 Chronicle 15:11
*David was king, while Abiathar carried out the duties of a priest.
1 Kings 1:45
*David’s son Solomon ruled as a civil officer while Zadok pursued ecclesiastical obligations.
2 Kings 11; 22:4
*King Joash and Jehoiada, the priest, as well as King Josiah and the priest Hilkiah, maintained jurisdictional separation.
Nehemiah 7, 8
*Church and State as parallel institutions operated with Governor Nehemiah and Priest Ezra. Nehemiah rebuked religious elites, not King Artaxerxes I.